Saturday, 30 July 2022
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Russia, Ukraine: Will India reduce its dependence on Russia's defense?
Charuti Menon

Russia's war of aggression in Ukraine has seenLine99long-standing ties between India and Russia come to light. especially the military relationship

Ms Niramala Sitaraman, Minister of Finance of India said during a visit to the United States in April that India wanted to be "Good Friend" of the West

At the same time, she stated that India does not want to be weak and the need to maintain national security which may imply that The long-standing reliance on Russian armaments will continue.

How much does India rely on Russia for weapons?
India is one of the world's largest arms buyers. and has long-standing close defense ties with the former Soviet Union.

Despite the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, India's rivalry with Pakistan and is having an increasing conflict with China As a result, Russia remains an important partner of the Indian government.

The US-based Stimson Center estimates that Russian weapons may account for 85% of India's total armament. These included fighter jets, nuclear-powered submarines. Aircraft carriers, tanks and missiles

Increase the purchase of weapons from other nations.
Over the past 10 years, India has begun to reduce its dependence on Russian arms. and turned to buy from other countries instead especially from France Including Israel, the US, and a few more from the UK.

India's imports of weapons from Russia have decreased.
Data from SIPRI shows that India's arms purchases from France, the United States and Israel have more than doubled in 2021 compared to 2017. However, Russia remains a major arms seller to India.

India buys Rafal fighter jets Mirage fighter and the Scorpion submarine from France. During the recent visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to France, the two countries agreed to increase cooperation on cutting-edge military technology.

On a visit to India by Prime Minister Boris Johnson of the United Kingdom last month April, both sides also announced to strengthen military ties. especially in terms of cooperation on modern fighter technology.

India has also turned to Israel in a number of advanced security and defense technologies, such as:

India has a large purchase of military equipment from the United States, such as maritime patrol aircraft. C-130 transport aircraft, including missiles and drones, recently the US Department of Defense Addressing the issue of strengthening ties with India in space defense and cyber security

Review of Russia's dependence on weapons?
Changes in international politics in recent years This makes India's relationship with other countries such as France, the United States and Israel stronger.

but even then India has yet to join international condemnation of Russia's invasion of Ukraine. This clearly shows that India does not want to choose sides.

Some defense experts believe that Russia's international sanctions Might give India a few options. In addition to reducing the level of dependence on the Russian government
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